The Wheel of the Year once again turns, and we come to the first harvest festival. Lammas is a cross-quarter day between summer and autumn, a time when the first fruits of the planting season can be harvested. We celebrate Lammas or Lughnasadh between the dates of July 31st - August 1st.
It also marks the day the Sun God's power begins to decline. For some Wiccans and pagans, this is the time the Celtic Sun God Lugh pours out his energy to the grain. For them, once the grain is gathered and made into bread, the circle of life has been completed.
Lammas is a day to honor Lugh, the Celtic god of the Sun, kings, justice, and rulership. This many-skilled god is a master of all arts, and is also known as the Celtic craftsman god.
This day marks the beginning of the autumn season, when the Sun God starts to age and lose his power. The Sun wanes in vibrance each day, as it gives way to the long nights.
It is said that Lughnasadh refers to Lugh's funeral games in honor of his mother Tailte. Christian lore also points to "loaf mass", which is related to the pre-Christian Lughnasadh, and involves placing freshly baked loaves of bread on the altar.
Lammas is all about looking forward to a bountiful harvest season. It is reflecting on the generosity of the Sun God, who has given his energy to the blooming fields. This time is a good time to reflect on what you have planted, and the corresponding fruits that you will gain very soon. Rituals relating to change, abundance, and "reaping what you have sown" are most powerful.
Deities: Lugh, Adonis, Attis, Ceres, Dagon, Demeter, Parvati, Osiris, Mercury, Pomona, Tammuz
Symbolism: Early harvest, abundance, generosity, wisdom, weakening of the Sun, old age
Decorations: Sickles, scythes, vines, grapes, dried grains, bread, corn dolls, vegetables that are in season during autumn, apples, berries
Colors: Gold, yellow, white, red, green
Food: Bread, grains, berries, fruits that are in season during autumn
Herbs: Dried or powdered grains, grapes, blackberries, pears, sloe, heather
Incense: Rose, sandalwood
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